Dragon fruit is a popular tropical fruit with many nutritional benefits. Learn how to add dragon fruit to your diet with this article!
Here we have tried to list out all the detailed information on dragon fruit that includes information about dragon fruit benefits, dragon fruit plant, dragon fruit nutrition data, dragon fruit antioxidants, dragon fruit side effects, dragon fruit taste, dragon fruit uses, dragon fruit price in India & how to eat Dragon Fruit?
What is Dragon Fruit?
Due to many dragon fruit benefits, it is now considered as the super fruit in India.
You might be wondered but earlier dragon fruit was used as an ornament but after discovering its numerous health benefits & being very juicy fruit with unique taste and attractive colour, it is now routinely consumed worldwide. (2)
Is Dragon Fruit good?
Now, you might be wondering that is dragon fruit good for you?
Buckle up your self, and read our article that specifically about various dragon fruit benefits. We think after reading this article, you will definitely get the answer for your question “Is dragon fruit good for you?”
We have listed all information about dragon fruit nutrition data on further read. You might be amazed by seeing dragon fruit nutrition data because it’s full of vitamins and other nutrients.
Dragon fruit was originated from Mexico, Central America & Northern South America in the 19th Century.
But due to tremendous dragon fruit benefits, it’s started growing worldwide.
Dragon fruit is now grown in the United States, Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Taiwan, Thailand, India, China, Vietnam and many more countries. In India, dragon fruit is grown in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka and many other states. (2)
There are various names of dragon fruit.
Dragon fruit is known as “Strawberry Pear”, “Pithaya”, “Pitaya”, “Pitahaya”, “Night Blooming Cereus”, “Belle of the Night”, “Honolulu Queen”.
Because of its health benefits, dragon fruit can be used as medicine to some extent.
Dragon Fruit Plant
Dragon fruit belongs to the family Cactaceae.
So, the dragon fruit plant is a cactus plant, known as “Hylocereus” cactus.
The flower of the dragon plant is so beautiful and only blooms at night hence named “Noble Women” or “Queen of the Night”.
Dragon Fruit Varieties
Fruits on dragon fruit plant comes in three varieties:
- First one is Hylocereus undatus – Dragon fruit with white pulp & pink outer skin.
- Second one is Hylocereus polyrhizus – Dragon fruit with red pulp & pink outer skin known as “Red Dragon Fruit”.
- Third one is Hylocereus megalanthus – Dragon fruit with white pulp & yellow outer skin known as “Yellow Dragon Fruit”.
Dragon Fruit Nutrition Data
Dragon fruit is the source of various vitamins such as Vitamin C, Vitamin B1 (Thiamine), Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin), Vitamin B3 (Niacin) and various minerals such as Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Sodium, Zinc and Calcium.
According to publication on Quality Assurance in Agricultural Produce in “Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research”, nutritional values of dragon fruit for a serving of 100 grams or 3.5 ounces of the edible portion of red dragon fruit weighing 394 grams are:
|Calories (Energy)||67.7 Kcal|
|Sugar (Glucose, Fructose)||5.70 grams, 3.20 grams|
|Vitamin C||3 mg|
|Vitamin B1||0.028 mg to 0.043 mg|
|Vitamin B2||0.043 mg to 0.045 mg|
|Vitamin B3||2.8 mg|
Showing a dense amount of nutrition including protein, fibres, carbohydrates, minimal fat, vitamin C, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, high amount of minerals such as magnesium and phosphorous, you must include dragon fruit in your diet.
Types of Antioxidants in Dragon Fruit
Along with multiple vitamins and minerals, dragon fruit contains various antioxidants.
Antioxidants mainly help in removing free radicals from the body.
Free radicals are responsible for chronic health problems along with ageing-related diseases such as diabetes, cancer, atherosclerosis, hypertension, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, inﬂammation and other heart diseases when available in higher values.
Following antioxidants are present in dragon fruit (4):
- Betalain, and
- Vitamin C or Ascorbic acid
These contents of dragon fruit are responsible for antioxidant activities which prevent damage to the cells of the body.
Dragon fruit has the potential to produce betalains.
Betalains are present in the dragon fruit peel which gives red pigmentation to the skin of the fruit as well as in the pulp of the red dragon fruit which produces the highest amount of antioxidants activity. (5)
Pitaya peels have a higher number of antioxidants properties to fight against cancer compared to the pulps.
So, you should not throw the peels of dragon fruit but should consume it by adding peels to salad to increase the amount of nutrition along with the pulp that you are going to eat.
Studies done for evaluating the antioxidants properties of dragon fruit revealed that the antioxidant activity of the dragon fruit was higher compared to several other fruits analysed. (3)
Dragon Fruit Benefits
We know your reading this article to know about dragon fruit benefits. You have already read our dragon fruit nutrition data.
So, now let’s get started with its benefits.
Hence for you we have listed all the various dragon fruit benefits related to your health.
Cough and Asthma
Regular consumption of dragon fruit or pitaya can help fight against cough & asthma.
Wound Healing, Boost Immunity & Coronavirus
Reduce your Thirst
You might be wondering but Dragon fruit can reduce your thirst as it contains the highest amount of water content. It contains 85.30% of moisture in it.
Dragon Fruit helps in reducing Heart Problems
Mark that Dragon fruit is rich in flavonoids which can help reduce heart problems and vitamin B3 in dragon fruit lowers the bad cholesterol level in the body.
Eating dragon fruit can also be beneficial in bleeding problems of vaginal discharge.
Digestion of Food & Energy
The high fiber content in dragon fruit helps in the proper digestion of the food.
Vitamin B1 in dragon fruit increases your body energy whereas Vitamin B2 helps in digestion.
Dragon fruit helps in improving eyesight.
Dragon Fruit benefits for Diabetes
Growth of Bones and Teeth
High levels of Calcium and Phosphorous minerals helps in the growth of bones and teeth.
Daily consumption of dragon fruit can improve your memory power.
We tried to document all the possible health benefits of eating dragon fruit, but studies performed for these above-mentioned health benefits are less. So, further research for the evaluation of various health benefits of dragon fruit is a must.
Dragon Fruit Side Effects
Consumption of Dragon fruit is safer. No such dragon fruit side effects are reported to date, but patients allergic to Dragon fruit may produce some adverse side effects of eating dragon fruit. (7)
Dragon Fruit Taste
Dragon Fruit Uses
Some of the innumerable uses of Dragon fruit are:
- You can consume dragon fruit directly as fruit or by adding it to the salad.
- Commercially, dragon fruit is used as a natural colouring agent.
- A value-added product such as packed juices, fruit jam, fruit jelly, candy, fruit syrup and wine can be made from the pulp of the dragon fruit.
- Ice cream and fruit smoothies can be made out of dragon fruit.
Dragon Fruit Price in India per kg
Dragon fruit price in India varies from Rs. 70 to Rs. 150 per piece weighing about 220 to 550 grams. Hence, you can say that dragon fruit price in India per kg varies from about Rs. 250 to Rs. 320 per kg. But, mostly dragon fruit price in India per kg isn’t considered but the per piece is considered. If you are living in India, you can buy it online anywhere in India through bigbasket, Amazon Fresh, and Flipkart.
How to eat dragon fruit?
Now you know that Dragon fruit Nutrition values with no side effects or less dragon fruit side effects, let’s eat dragon fruit.
According to wikiHow, you can eat Dragon fruit in four different ways.
Directly consume the Dragon fruit
Fine well ripped dragon fruit has bright pink or red peels and gives bounce back effect on pressing over fruit.
Too soft dragon fruit means it is over ripped and too hard means it is under ripped.
Cut the dragon fruit in two slices using a sharp knife and you can enjoy the fruit directly eating the pulp of dragon fruit with a spoon or you can remove the peel of dragon fruit and slice it and enjoy it with Greek yoghurt or add it to your healthy salad.
Make Kebabs of Dragon Fruit
You can cut the Dragon Fruit pulp into small square pieces and pierce them and thread the dragon fruits using wooden skewers after soaking skewers for 10 mins in water.
Cook it over the grill for 2 mins followed by placing it in the oven for 2 more mins. Then, enjoy eating it.
Dragon Fruit Smoothie Recipe
Here we will brief you about dragon fruit smoothie recipe.
First of all, slice dragon fruit pulp, bananas and berries. Take either Greek yoghurt or milk or soy milk or nut milk.
Based on your taste you may add apple or grape juice, sugar or honey. Blend all the ingredients into the blender.
Blend it on your choice based on whether you want it very thick or slightly thick. Pour it in glass. Ta-da, you made your Dragon fruit smoothie using our Dragon fruit smoothie recipe.
Make Dragon Fruit Sorbet
Cut the dragon fruit pulp into small pieces. Mix them with sorbet ingredients. Blend them and then freeze them for 8 hours. Then enjoy your sorbet serving it on the left dragon fruit peel while slicing it or into the glass.
We assume that we have tried to solve your query on “How to eat Dragon Fruit?”
Dragon fruit is an exotic tropical fruit available in three varieties, White dragon fruit, yellow dragon fruit & red dragon fruit.
As you see our dragon fruit nutrition data, dragon fruit contains rich nutrients such as protein, carbohydrates, fibers, vitamin C, B1, B2 & B3, minerals like magnesium, phosphorus & calcium along with antioxidant properties, it is now one of the popular exotic fruits bought in India.
Enriched nutrients of dragon fruit make it healthy. Health benefits of dragon fruit include improvement in chronic health problems such as diabetes, cancer, hypertension, etc.
Various commercial uses of dragon fruit are for making packed juices, jam, jelly, candy, syrup or wine. Dragon fruit adds value to these products.
Dragon fruit price in India ranges from Rs. 70 to Rs. 150 per piece and you can either consume it directly as a fruit or add it to a salad or make some delicious and healthy recipes out of it.
And lastly addressing, the most searched question on Google, “How to eat Dragon Fruit?”, we have listed briefly 4 ways to eat dragon fruit, that must solve your query.
We hope that we have documented all the information on information about dragon fruit benefits, dragon fruit plant, dragon fruit nutrition, dragon fruit antioxidants, dragon fruit side effects, dragon fruit taste, dragon fruit uses, dragon fruit price in India & how to eat Dragon Fruit that you need.